Large carnivores

Wolf and brown bear are two large carnivores, which are seriously threatened all over Europe.
Man has long been persecuting these two species to protect livestock; moreover, they suffer from loss of their habitat and human disturbance, which includes wild boar hunting parties.
Persecutions, both direct and through the use of poison, made these species disappear from large portions of Europe: bears still live only in small northern and eastern areas, whereas in central and western Europe they survived only in Spain and Italy, but with very limited populations (about 100 animals in Spain and 60-70 in Italy). Wolves escaped extinction in south-western Europe only in Italy and in the Iberian peninsula.
Bear and wolf are included in Annex II of the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC, which concerns wildlife and natural habitats conservation; they are also included in Annex II (“Strictly protected fauna species”) of the Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats.

  • Immagine 1
  • Poisoned female bear in the Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park, 2007
  • Immagine 2
  • Poisoned wolf
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